Potassium Content of Commonly Consumed Fruits and Vegetables
dietary fiber content of commonly consumed vegetables
utilization of potatoes
Market Share of Exported US Potatoes
stATISTICSThe annual Potato Statistical Yearbook provides overviews of national legislative, regulatory and marketing initiatives—along with U.S. and world potato production and consumption data, grower and industry contact information, position statements, and program overviews.
Click to view the 2017 Potato Statistical Yearbook
The links below contain frequently requested potato market data including U.S. and world production, crop utilization, consumption, grower and retail prices, import and export data, and more.
CONSUMPTION AND UTILIZATION
ACREAGE, YIELD, PRODUCTION, VALUE & DISPOSITION
CASH RECEIPTS, GROWER PRICE, RETAIL PRICING, MARKETING AND RETURNS
IMPORTS AND EXPORTS
How did the humble spud rise to prominence as the fifth most important crop worldwide after wheat, corn, rice and sugar cane? At times welcomed blessing for famine-plagued peoples or suspicious novelty, the potato has a long history that crisscrossed the world.
The Early Potato
The potato is thought to have been first domesticated by the Andeans of South America as early as 500 B.C. The Inca grew thousands of varieties of potatoes and held the potato in high esteem.
Introduction to Europe
Following the arrival of Spaniards to the region in 1532, potatoes were introduced to France and the Netherlands. European farmers were reportedly intrigued and mystified by this unfamiliar vegetable. King Frederick the Great of Prussia as well as King Louis XVI and nutritional chemist Antoine-Augustin Parmentier of France championed the potato for their famine-starved populaces.
Popularity of the Potato
The potato grew in popularity across Europe as farmers discovered that they could produce potatoes on a large scale and on fallow grain land. The potato also provided relatively inexpensive calories and nutrients, leading to it becoming a staple crop by the end of the 18th century. Ireland came to rely so heavily on the potato for food that a rapidly spreading late blight decimating the potato crop caused one of the deadliest famines in history.
Potatoes in the United States
The first potatoes arrived in the American colonies in 1621 when Nathaniel Butler, the Governor of Bermuda, sent potatoes and other vegetables to the governor of Virginia, Francis Wyatt. They did not become widely grown until 1719, when they were planted in New Hampshire, and later across the country.
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